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Dr. Karen Zito


Position Title

Center for Neuroscience Department of Neurobiology, Physiology & Behavior



1998 PhD  University of California, Berkeley
1991 BS  Indiana University

Research Interests

Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of Synaptic Plasticity

The goal of our research is to understand at the cellular and molecular level how synaptic connections form during development, how they are modified by sensory experience and altered in disease. Most of the excitatory synaptic connections in the cortex occur on dendritic spines, tiny protrusions that extend from the dendritic membrane. Dendritic spines are highly dynamic during development both in vitro and in vivo; periods of high motility coincide with synapse formation. Spine motility, driven by actin dynamics, is thought to allow the postsynaptic neuron to explore and sample presynaptic partners. In addition, alterations of spine dynamics and stability have been observed in response to sensory experience, leading to the hypothesis that these anatomical changes underlie the adaptive remodeling of cortical circuits. The identification and characterization of the molecules and mechanisms that control spine morphogenesis will be a crucial step toward understanding the formation and plasticity of cortical circuits. Our approach to this problem combines time-lapse imaging to observe nascent spine formation, and fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) to measure protein dynamics, with molecular manipulations of synaptic proteins to decipher their roles in the growth of dendritic spines and synapses. In addition, we use physiological measurements in combination with two-photon uncaging of glutamate to examine the function of nascent synapses at the single synapse level.


Helen Hay Whitney Fellow
Burroughs Wellcome Fund Career Award in the Biomedical Sciences

CBS Grad Group Affiliations

Biochemistry, Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
Molecular, Cellular, and Integrative Physiology

Specialties / Focus

Biochemistry, Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology
  • Neurobiology
  • Organelle and Membrane Biology
Molecular, Cellular, and Integrative Physiology
  • Neuronal Plasticity
  • Neurophysiology


  • Deborah Park (PTX grad student), Juan Flores (MCIP grad student), Nicole Claiborne (NSC grad student), Samuel Petshow (BMCDB grad student), Jinyoung Jang (Asst Project Scientist), Lorenzo Tom (Jr Specialist), Cliff Moran (undergrad), Katherine Sayaseung (undergrad) 


NPB 100 Neurobiology - (Winter quarter)
NPB 212 Light and Fluorescence Microscopy - (Spring quarter)